NC DEALERS – NEW STATUTE WITH SOME IMPORTANT CHANGES

Posted 7/5/18…      The General Assembly passed the following law, with some important changes. 
You now have 20 days to deliver paperwork to the tag office after issuing a 30 day tag.  Yay!!!  
 
The new law also allows you to sell a vehicle without having the title, under certain restrictions.  Before you get too excited, the new law requires that you use forms developed and approved by DMV, and DMV has not yet developed those forms.  I will keep you updated when the forms are made available. Basically, the following restrictions apply.  This is based on my reading of the statute, so please understand DMV may interpret it differently.  As always, you should check with your DMV Inspector or your attorney before changing your business practices in order to sell vehicles without the title.
 
  • Vehicle must be currently titled in NC
  • Submit a sworn statement to DMV that all liens have been paid
  • That you are unable to obtain the title because:
    • The title was not delivered to you
    • The title has been lost or misplaced
  • Knowing and intentionally filing a false statement will be a felony offense
  • Once you have the title, you have to send it to DMV and keep a copy
  • You must deliver the title to DMV within 20 days of receipt of the title, no later than 60 days after the sale
  • If you offer a vehicle for sale without having the title, you must notify the potential buyer in writing before the sale that you do not have the title
  • If the title is lost, you must apply for a duplicate title within 5 days of the date of sale
  • If you fail to deliver title within 60 days, the buyer has a right to get their  money/trade-in back, plus 5% of the purchase price up to $1000.00, if they request it in writing within 10 days
  • You can still face potential civil suits and criminal charges
Here is the statute itself:
GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION 2017
 
SESSION LAW 2018-42
SENATE BILL 411
 
 
AN ACT TO EXPAND THE REQUIRED USE OF THE ELECTRONIC LIEN SYSTEM IMPLEMENTED BY THE DIVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLES, TO REVISE THE LAW GOVERNING WHEN A MOTOR VEHICLE DEALER THAT DOES NOT HAVE A MOTOR VEHICLE’S STATEMENT OF ORIGIN OR CERTIFICATE OF TITLE MAY TRANSFER TITLE TO THE MOTOR VEHICLE, AND TO MAKE OTHER CHANGES TO LAWS AFFECTING MOTOR VEHICLE DEALERS.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1.  G.S. 20‑58.4A(i) reads as rewritten:
“(i)       Mandatory Participation. – Beginning July 1, 2016, allAll individuals and lienholders who are normally engaged in the business or practice of financing motor vehicles, and who conduct at least five transactions annually,annually shall utilize the electronic lien system implemented in subsection (a) of this section to record information concerning the perfection and release of a security interest in a vehicle.”
SECTION 2.(a)  G.S. 20‑52.1(d) reads as rewritten:
“(d)      When a manufacturer’s statement of origin or an existing certificate of title on a motor vehicle is unavailable, a motor vehicle dealer licensed under Article 12 of this Chapter may also transfer title to a vehicle currently titled in this State to another by certifying in writing in a sworn statement to the Division thatsigned by the dealer principal, general manager, general sales manager, controller, or owner of the dealership that, to the best of the signatory’s knowledge and information as of the date of sworn certification, all prior perfected liens on the vehicle that are known or reasonably ascertainable by the signatory have been paid and that the motor vehicle dealer, despite having used reasonable diligence, is unable to obtain the vehicle’s statement of origin or certificate of title. For purposes of this subsection, a dealer may certify that the dealer is unable to obtain the vehicle’s statement of origin or certificate of title because the statement of origin or certificate of title was either (i) not delivered to the dealer or (ii) lost or misplaced. The Division is authorized to require any information it deems necessary for the transfer of the vehicle and shall develop a form for this purpose. The knowing and intentional filing of a false sworn certification with the Division pursuant to this subsection shall constitute a Class H felony. A dealer principal, owner, or manager who is not a signatory of the sworn certification under this subsection may only be charged for a criminal violation for filing a false certification under this subsection by another dealership employee if the dealer principal, owner, or manager had actual knowledge of the falsity of the sworn certification at the time the sworn certification was submitted to the Division. The dealer shall hold harmless and indemnify the consumer‑purchaser from any damages arising from the use of the procedure authorized by this subsection. No person shall have a cause of action against the Division or Division contractors arising from the transfer of a vehicle by a sworn certification pursuant to this section.
SECTION 2.(b)  G.S. 20‑58 reads as rewritten:
“§ 20‑58.  Perfection by indication of security interest on certificate of title.
(a)        Except as provided in G.S. 20‑58.8, a security interest in a vehicle of a type for which a certificate of title is required shall be perfected only as hereinafter provided.
(1)        If the vehicle is not registered in this State, the application for notation of a security interest shall be the application for certificate of title provided for in G.S. 20‑52.
(2)        If the vehicle is registered in this State, the application for notation of a security interest shall be in the form prescribed by the Division, signed by the debtor, and contain the date of application of each security interest, and name and address of the secured party from whom information concerning the security interest may be obtained. The application must be accompanied by the existing certificate of title unless in the possession of a prior secured party.party or in the event the manufacturer’s statement of origin or existing certificate of title (i) was not delivered to the dealer or (ii) was lost or misplaced on the date the dealer sells or transfers the motor vehicle. If there is an existing certificate of title issued by this or any other jurisdiction in the possession of a prior secured party, the application for notation of the security interest shall in addition contain the name and address of such prior secured party. An application for notation of a security interest may be signed by the secured party instead of the debtor when the application is accompanied by documentary evidence of the applicant’s security interest in that motor vehicle signed by the debtor and by affidavit of the applicant stating the reason the debtor did not sign the application. In the event the certificate cannot be obtained for recordation of the security interest, when title remains in the name of the debtor, the Division shall cancel the certificate and issue a new certificate of title listing all the respective security interests.
(3)        If the application for notation of security interest is made in order to continue the perfection of a security interest perfected in another jurisdiction, it may be signed by the secured party instead of the debtor. Such application shall be accompanied by documentary evidence of a perfected security interest. No such application shall be valid unless an application for a certificate of title has been made in North Carolina. The security interest perfected herein shall be subject to the provisions set forth in G.S. 20‑58.5.
(b)        When If a manufacturer’s statement of origin or an existing certificate of title on a motor vehicle is unavailable,was (i) not delivered to the dealer or (ii) was lost or misplaced on or prior to the date the dealer sells or transfers the motor vehicle, a first lienholder who holds a valid license as a motor vehicle dealer issued by the Commissioner under Article 12 of this Chapter or his designee may file a notarized copy of an instrument creating and evidencing a security interest in the motor vehicle with the Division of Motor Vehicles. A filing pursuant to this subsection shall constitute constructive notice to all persons of the security interest in the motor vehicle described in the filing. The constructive notice shall be effective from the date of the filing on the date of the security agreement if the filing is made within 20 days after the date of the security agreement. The constructive notice shall date from the date of the filing with the Division if it is made more than 20 days after the date of the security agreement. The notation of a security interest created under this subsection shall automatically expire 60 days after the date of the creation of the security interest, or upon perfection of the security interest as provided in subsection (a) of this section, whichever occurs first. A security interest notation made under this subsection and then later perfected under subsection (a) of this section shall be presumed to have been perfected on the date of the earlier filing. The Division may charge a fee not to exceed ten dollars ($10.00) for each notation of security interest filed pursuant to this subsection. The fee shall be credited to the Highway Fund. A false filing with the Division pursuant to this subsection shall constitute a Class H felony. It shall constitute a Class H felony for a person to knowingly and intentionally file a false notice with the Division pursuant to this subsection. A dealer principal, owner, or manager of a motor vehicle dealership who is not a signatory of the notice required under this subsection may only be charged for a criminal violation for filing a false notice with the Division under this subsection by another dealership employee if the dealer principal, owner, or manager had actual knowledge of the falsity of the filing at the time the filing was submitted to the Division.
….”
SECTION 2.(c)  G.S. 20‑72(b) reads as rewritten:
“(b)      In order to assign or transfer title or interest in any motor vehicle registered under the provisions of this Article, the owner shall execute in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths an assignment and warranty of title on the reverse of the certificate of title in form approved by the Division, including in such assignment the name and address of the transferee; and no title to any motor vehicle shall pass or vest until such assignment is executed and the motor vehicle delivered to the transferee. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any foreclosure or repossession under a chattel mortgage or conditional sales contract or any judicial sale. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to (i) any transfer to an insurer pursuant to G.S. 20‑109.1(b)(2) or (ii) any transfer to a used motor vehicle dealer pursuant to G.S. 20‑109.1(e1).
When a manufacturer’s statement of origin or an existing certificate of title on a motor vehicle is unavailable, a motor vehicle dealer licensed under Article 12 of this Chapter may also transfer title to a vehicle currently titled in this State to another by certifying in writing in a sworn statement to the Division that is signed by the dealer principal, general manager, general sales manager, controller, or owner of the dealership that, to the best of the signatory’s knowledge and information as of the date of the sworn certification, all prior perfected liens on the vehicle that are known or reasonably ascertainable by the signatory have been paid and that the motor vehicle dealer, despite having used reasonable diligence, is was unable to obtain the vehicle’s statement of origin or certificate of title. For purposes of this subsection, a dealer may certify that the dealer is unable to obtain the vehicle’s statement of origin or certificate of title if the statement of origin or certificate of title has either (i) not been delivered to the dealer or (ii) has been lost or misplaced. The Division is authorized to request any information it deems necessary to transfer the vehicle and shall develop a form for this purpose. The filing of a false sworn certification with the Division pursuant to this paragraph The knowing and intentional filing of a false sworn certification with the Division pursuant to this subsection shall constitute a Class H felony. A dealer principal, owner, or manager of a motor vehicle dealership who is not a signatory of the sworn certification required under this subsection may only be charged for a criminal violation for filing a false certification under this subsection by another dealership employee if the dealer principal, owner, or manager had actual knowledge of the falsity of the sworn certification at the time the sworn certification was submitted to the Division.
Any person transferring title or interest in a motor vehicle shall deliver the certificate of title duly assigned in accordance with the foregoing provision to the transferee at the time of delivering the vehicle, except when a certificate of title is unavailable as provided in this subsection or in G.S. 20‑72.1, and except that where a security interest is obtained in the motor vehicle from the transferee in payment of the purchase price or otherwise, the transferor shall deliver the certificate of title to the lienholder and the lienholder shall forward the certificate of title together with the transferee’s application for new title and necessary fees to the Division within 20 days. If the title to a vehicle is unavailable and the dealer transfers the vehicle on a sworn certification pursuant to this section or G.S. 20‑52.1, and the title is subsequently received or found by the dealer, the dealer shall retain a copy for its records and submit the title to the Division. Any person who delivers or accepts a certificate of title assigned in blank shall be guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor. No person shall have a cause of action against the Division or Division contractors arising from the transfer of a vehicle by a sworn certification pursuant to this section.
The title to a salvage vehicle shall be forwarded to the Division as provided in G.S. 20‑109.1, except with respect to the title of any salvage vehicle transferred pursuant to G.S. 20‑109.1(b)(2) or G.S. 20‑109.1(e1).”
SECTION 2.(d)  Part 4 of Article 3 of Chapter 20 of the General Statutes is amended by adding a new section to read:
§ 20‑72.1.  Transfer by owner when a certificate of title is unavailable; consumer remedies.
(a)        Notwithstanding any other provision in this Article, when a manufacturer’s statement of origin or an existing certificate of title on a motor vehicle is unavailable, a motor vehicle dealer licensed under Article 12 of this Chapter shall deliver the manufacturer’s statement of origin or certificate of title to the Division within 20 days of receipt of the title, but no later than 60 days following the later of the date of the sale or transfer of the vehicle or the date of the creation of a security interest in the vehicle pursuant to G.S. 20‑58(b). The dealer may offer the vehicle for sale provided that the purchaser is given written notice prior to sale that the dealer is not in possession of the manufacturer’s statement of origin or certificate of title and that the purchaser may be entitled to liquidated damages pursuant to subsection (b) of this section if the dealer fails to deliver the manufacturer’s statement of origin or certificate of title to the Division in accordance with this subsection. For purposes of this subsection, a vehicle’s manufacturer’s statement of origin or existing certificate of title shall be considered unavailable under either of the following circumstances:
(1)        The manufacturer’s statement of origin or certificate of title has not been actually delivered to the dealer on or prior to the date the dealer sold or transferred the vehicle.
(2)        The manufacturer’s statement of origin or certificate of title was lost or misplaced on or prior to the date the dealer sold or transferred the vehicle. If the motor vehicle being sold or transferred is a used motor vehicle, the dealer is required to make application to the Division for a duplicate title within five working days of the date of the sale or transfer of the vehicle. If the vehicle being sold or transferred is a new motor vehicle, the dealer is required to request a new or duplicate manufacturer’s statement of origin from the applicable manufacturer or distributor within five working days of the date of the sale or transfer of the vehicle.
(b)        In any case where a dealer fails to deliver the manufacturer’s statement of origin or certificate of title to the Division within the 60‑day time period allowed in subsection (a) of this section, the vehicle purchaser may elect to receive liquidated damages from the dealer in the amount of five percent (5%) of the vehicle purchase price, not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), provided that the dealer receives written demand for liquidated damages from the purchaser within 10 days after the expiration of the 60‑day period provided in subsection (a) of this section. The liquidated damages provided in this subsection shall be payable by the dealer within 30 days after the receipt of the purchaser’s written demand. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit any other civil remedies or consumer protections available to the vehicle purchaser.
SECTION 2.(e)  G.S. 20‑79.1(h) reads as rewritten:
“(h)      Temporary registration plates or markers shall expire and become void upon the receipt of the limited registration plates or the annual registration plates from the Division, or upon the rescission of a contract to purchase a motor vehicle, or upon the expiration of 30 days from the date of issuance, depending upon whichever event shall first occur. No refund or credit or fees paid by dealers to the Division for temporary registration plates or markers shall be allowed, except in the event that the Division discontinues the issuance of temporary registration plates or markers or unless the dealer discontinues business. In this event the unissued registration plates or markers with the unissued registration certificates shall be returned to the Division and the dealer may petition for a refund. Upon the expiration of the 30 days from the date of issuance, a second 30‑day temporary registration plate or marker may be issued by the dealer upon showing the vehicle has been sold, a temporary lien has been filed as provided in G.S. 20‑58, and that the dealer, having used reasonable diligence, is unable to obtain the vehicle’s statement of origin or certificate of title so that the lien may be perfected. For purposes of this subsection, a dealer shall be considered unable to obtain the vehicle’s statement of origin or certificate of title if the statement of origin or certificate of title either (i) has not been delivered to the dealer or (ii) was lost or misplaced.
SECTION 2.(f)  The Division of Motor Vehicles, in consultation with the North Carolina Automobile Dealers Association, Inc., shall study the following:
(1)        The impacts of this section on Division processes and procedures, along with recommended statutory changes to further improve the lawful transfer of motor vehicles.
(2)        Methods to ensure consumer protection in the motor vehicle transfer process.
(3)        Potential changes to the Division’s electronic lien and title program or other processes that could assist with reducing the delay in the release of a satisfied security interest in a motor vehicle.
(4)        Any other issues the Division deems appropriate.
The Division shall report its findings, including any legislative recommendations, to the Joint Legislative Transportation Oversight Committee by December 31, 2020.
SECTION 2.(g)  G.S. 20‑73(a) reads as rewritten:
“(a)      Time Limit. – A person to whom a vehicle is transferred, whether by purchase or otherwise, must apply to the Division for a new certificate of title. An application for a certificate of title must be submitted within 28 days after the vehicle is transferred. A person who must follow the procedure in G.S. 20‑76 to get a certificate of title and who applies for a title within the required 20‑day time limit or who transfers title to a vehicle pursuant to a sworn certificate pursuant to G.S. 20‑52.1(d) is considered to have complied with this section even when the Division issues a certificate of title to the person after the time limit has elapsed.
A person may apply directly for a certificate of title or may allow another person, such as the person from whom the vehicle is transferred or a person who has a lien on the vehicle, to apply for a certificate of title on that person’s behalf. A person to whom a vehicle is transferred is responsible for getting a certificate of title within the time limit regardless of whether the person allowed another to apply for a certificate of title on the person’s behalf.”
SECTION 2.(h)  Subsection 2(f) of this section is effective when it becomes law. The remainder of this section becomes effective January 1, 2019.
SECTION 3.(a)  G.S. 20‑79.02(g) reads as rewritten:
“(g)      Applicability. – Prior to January 1, 2019,2021, a new motor vehicle dealer may, but is not required to, display an LD license plate on a service loaner vehicle. Beginning on or after January 1, 2019,2021, a new motor vehicle dealer shall display an LD license plate on any new motor vehicle placed into service as a loaner vehicle if either of the following circumstances exists:
(1)        The new motor vehicle dealer is receiving incentive or warranty compensation from a manufacturer, factory branch, distributor, or distributor branch for the use of the vehicle as a service loaner.
(2)        The new motor vehicle dealer is receiving a fee or other compensation from the dealer’s customers for the use of the vehicle as a service loaner.”
SECTION 3.(b)  Section 1.1(b) of S.L. 2015‑232 reads as rewritten:
SECTION 1.1.(b)  This section is effective when this act becomes law and expires December 31, 2018.2020.
SECTION 3.(c)  Section 1.4(b) of S.L. 2015‑232 reads as rewritten:
SECTION 1.4.(b)  This section is effective when this act becomes law and expires December 31, 2018.2020.
SECTION 4.  G.S. 20‑79.1(d) reads as rewritten:
“(d)      A dealer shall:
(1)        Not issue, assign, transfer, or deliver temporary registration plates or markers to anyone other than a bona fide purchaser or owner of a vehicle which he has sold.
(2)        Not issue a temporary registration plate or marker without first obtaining from the purchaser or owner a written application for titling and registration of the vehicle and the applicable fees.
(3)        Within 10 working days,20 days of the issuance of a temporary registration plate or marker, mail or deliver the application and fees to the Division or deliver the application and fees to a local license agency for processing. Delivery need not be made if the contract for sale has been rescinded in writing by all parties to the contract.
(4)        Not deliver a temporary registration plate to anyone purchasing a vehicle that has an unexpired registration plate that is to be transferred to the purchaser.
(5)        Not lend to anyone, or use on any vehicle that he may own, any temporary registration plates or markers.
A dealer may issue temporary markers, without obtaining the written application for titling and registration or collecting the applicable fees, to nonresidents for the purpose of removing the vehicle from the State.”
SECTION 5. G.S. 20‑183.4C(a)(1) reads as rewritten:
“(1)      A new vehicle must be inspected before it is sold delivered to a purchaser at retail in this State. Upon purchase, a receipt approved by the Division must be provided to the new owner certifying compliance.”
SECTION 6.  G.S. 105‑562 reads as rewritten:
“§ 105‑562.  Collection and scope.
(a)        Collection. – A tax or a tax increase levied under this Article becomes effective on the date set by the board of trustees in the resolution levying the tax or the tax increase. The effective date must be the first day of a month and may not be earlier than the first day of the sixth calendar month after the board of trustees adopts the resolution. To the extent the tax applies to vehicles whose tax situs is in a county the entire area of which is within the jurisdiction of the Authority, the Division of Motor Vehicles shall collect and administer the tax. To the extent the tax applies to vehicles whose tax situs is in a county that is only partially within the jurisdiction of the county, the Authority shall collect and administer the tax. The Authority may contract with one or more local governments in its jurisdiction to collect the tax on its behalf.
Upon receipt of the resolutions under G.S. 105‑561, the Division of Motor Vehicles shall proceed to collect and administer the tax as provided in this Article. The tax is due at the same time and subject to the same restrictions as in G.S. 20‑87(1), (2), (4), (5), (6), and (7) and G.S. 20‑88. The Division of Motor Vehicles may adopt rules to carry out its responsibilities under this Article.
(b)        Scope. – Only vehicles required to pay a tax under G.S. 20‑87(1), (2), (4), (5), (6), and (7) and G.S. 20‑88 shall be subject to the tax provided by this Article. Taxes shall be prorated in accordance with G.S. 20‑95.
(c)        Tax Situs. – The tax situs of a motor vehicle for the purpose of this Article is its ad valorem tax situs. If the vehicle is exempt from ad valorem tax, its tax situs for the purpose of this Article is the ad valorem tax situs it would have if it were not exempt from ad valorem tax.
(d)       Any tax or tax increase levied under this Article applicable to a motor vehicle sold or leased by a motor vehicle dealer, as defined in G.S. 20‑286(11), is only applicable to a motor vehicle sale or lease made on or after the effective date of the tax or tax increase regardless of the date of submission of a title and registration application for the motor vehicle to the Division of Motor Vehicles. No tax or tax increase levied under this Article applies to a motor vehicle sale or lease made prior to the effective date of the tax or tax increase.
SECTION 7.  G.S. 105‑570 reads as rewritten:
“§ 105‑570.  County Vehicle Registration Tax; shared with municipalities.
(a)        A county is considered an authority under Article 51 of this Chapter, and the board of commissioners of that county is considered the board of trustees of the authority under Article 51, except that the maximum tax that may be levied by a county under this Article is seven dollars ($7.00) per year.
(b)        A county may not levy a tax under this Article unless the county or at least one unit of local government in the county operates a public transportation system.
(c)        Any tax levied under this Article shall, after the receipt of those funds from the Division of Motor Vehicles, be retained or distributed by the county on a per capita basis as it receives those funds as follows:
(1)        Pro rata (i) retained by the county based on the population of the county that is not in an incorporated area, and (ii) distributed to the municipalities within the county based on the population of that municipality that is located within that county. To determine the population of each county and municipality, the county shall use the most recent annual estimate of population certified by the State Budget Officer.
(2)        Notwithstanding subdivision (1) of this subsection, if a municipality to which funds are to be distributed does not operate a public transportation system, the population of that municipality shall be excluded from the calculations of subdivision (1) of this subsection and no distribution shall be made to that municipality.
(3)        Notwithstanding subdivision (1) of this subsection, if a county for which funds are to be retained does not operate a public transportation system, the population of that county not in an incorporated area shall be excluded from the calculations of subdivision (1) of this subsection, and the county shall not retain any funds.
If a county that does not retain funds or a municipality that does not receive an allocation of funds on account of subdivision (2) or (3) of this subsection begins to operate a public transportation system, that county or municipality shall begin retaining or receiving funds beginning the first day of July that is more than 30 days thereafter.
(d)       The proceeds of a tax imposed under this Article may be used by that county or municipality only to operate a public transportation system, including financing, constructing, operating, and maintaining that public transportation system. The term “public transportation system” has the same meaning as defined in G.S. 105‑506.1.
(e)        As used in this section, operation of a public transportation system includes a contract or interlocal agreement for operation of the public transportation system by another county or municipality, or by a transportation authority created under (i) a municipal charter; or (ii) Article 25, 26, or 27 of Chapter 160A of the General Statutes. As used in this section, operation of a public transportation system also includes a contract with a private entity for operation of the public transportation system.
(f)        An interlocal agreement under this section may also deal with allocation of funds between a municipality and county for operation by the county of a human services public transportation system within the municipality when the municipality also operates a public transportation system.
(g)        This Article is supplemental to Article 51 of this Chapter.
(h)        Any tax or tax increase levied under this Article applicable to a motor vehicle sold or leased by a motor vehicle dealer, as defined in G.S. 20‑286(11), is only applicable to a motor vehicle sale or lease made on or after the effective date of the tax or tax increase regardless of the date of submission of a title and registration application for the motor vehicle to the Division of Motor Vehicles. No tax or tax increase levied under this Article applies to a motor vehicle sale or lease made prior to the effective date of the tax or tax increase.
SECTION 8.  G.S. 20‑4.02 reads as rewritten:
“§ 20‑4.02.  Quadrennial adjustment of certain fees and rates.
(a)        Adjustment for Inflation. – Beginning July 1, 2020, and every four years thereafter, the Division shall adjust the fees and rates imposed pursuant to the statutes listed in this subsection for inflation in accordance with the Consumer Price Index computed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The adjustment for per transaction rates in subdivision (8a) of this subsection shall be rounded to the nearest cent and all other adjustments under this subsection shall be rounded to the nearest twenty‑five cents (25¢):
(1)        G.S. 20‑7.
(2)        G.S. 20‑11.
(3)        G.S. 20‑14.
(4)        G.S. 20‑16.
(5)        G.S. 20‑26.
(6)        G.S. 20‑37.15.
(7)        G.S. 20‑37.16.
(8)        G.S. 20‑42(b).
(8a)      G.S. 20‑63(h), with respect to the per transaction rates set in that subsection.
(9)        G.S. 20‑85(a)(1) through (10).
(10)      G.S. 20‑85.1.
(11)      G.S. 20‑87, except for the additional fee set forth in G.S. 20‑87(6) for private motorcycles.
(12)      G.S. 20‑88.
(13)      G.S. 20‑289.
(14)      G.S. 20‑385.
(15)      G.S. 44A‑4(b)(1).
(b)        Computation. – In determining the rate of inflation to use when making an adjustment pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the Division shall base the rate on the percent change in the annual Consumer Price Index over the preceding four‑year period.
(c)        Rules. – The provisions of Chapter 150B of the General Statutes shall not apply to the inflation adjustment required by this section.
(d)       Consultation and Publication. – At least 90 days prior to making an adjustment pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, and notwithstanding any provision of G.S. 12‑3.1 to the contrary, the Division shall (i) consult with the Joint Legislative Commission on Governmental Operations, (ii) provide a report to the chairs of the Senate Appropriations Committee on Department of Transportation and the House of Representatives Appropriations Committee on Transportation, and (iii) publish notice of the fees that will be in effect in the offices of the Division and on the Division’s Web site.
(e)        Effective Date. – Any adjustment to fees or rates under this section applicable to a motor vehicle sold or leased by a motor vehicle dealer, as defined in G.S. 20‑286(11), is only applicable to a motor vehicle sale or lease made on or after the effective date of the fee or rate adjustment regardless of the date of submission of a title and registration application for the motor vehicle to the Division. No adjustment to fees or rates under this section applies to a motor vehicle sale or lease made prior to the effective date of the fee or rate adjustment.
SECTION 9.  Sections 6 and 7 of this act are effective when they become law and apply to any tax or tax increase with an effective date on or after that date. Except as otherwise provided, the remainder of this act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 14th day of June, 2018.
                                                                    s/  Philip E. Berger
                                                                         President Pro Tempore of the Senate
                                                                    s/  Tim Moore
                                                                         Speaker of the House of Representatives
                                                                    s/  Roy Cooper
                                                                         Governor
Approved 9:25 a.m. this 22nd day of June, 2018
Posted in NC

NC LATE FEES

Just a reminder, the NC General Assembly passed a law last year changing the maximum late fee in NC to $15.00. The text of the new law follows. Unfortunately, any Retail Installment Sales contracts that you have used in the past that still state the maximum late fee is “$6.00 or 5% of the past due payment, whichever is less” must be honored, so you cannot charge those customers more than the contractual late fee. Make sure your software has been updated to show the new maximum late fee of $15.00, and if you buy contracts it is time to buy the updated version!

AN ACT TO MODERNIZE NORTH CAROLINA’S CONSUMER CREDIT INSTALLMENT SALE CONTRACT DEFAULT CHARGE IN ORDER TO LEVEL THE PLAYING FIELD WITH OUT‑OF‑STATE BUSINESSES.

The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:

SECTION 1. G.S. 25A‑29 reads as rewritten:
“§ 25A‑29. Default charges.
(a) If any installment is past due for 10 days or more according to the original terms of the consumer credit installment sale contract, a default charge may be made in an amount not to exceed five percent (5%) of the installment past due or six dollars ($6.00), whichever is the lesser. of fifteen dollars ($15.00). A default charge may be imposed only one time for each default.
(b) If a default charge is deducted from a payment made on the contract and such the deduction results in a subsequent default on a subsequent payment, no default charge may be imposed for such the default.
(c) If a default charge has been once imposed with respect to a particular default in payment, no default charge shall be imposed with respect to any future payments which would not have been in default except for the previous default.
(d) A default charge for any particular default shall be deemed to have been waived by the seller unless, within 45 days following the default, (i) the charge is collected or (ii) written notice of the charge is sent to the buyer.”

SECTION 2. This act is effective when it becomes law and applies to charges imposed on or after that date.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 12th day of June, 2017.

s/ Philip E. Berger
President Pro Tempore of the Senate

s/ Tim Moore
Speaker of the House of Representatives

This bill having been presented to the Governor for signature on the 13th day of June, 2017 and the Governor having failed to approve it within the time prescribed by law, the same is hereby declared to have become a law. This 26th day of June, 2017.

s/ Karen Jenkins
Enrolling Clerk

NC NOW CHARGING FEES FOR HEARINGS

Fees for DMV Hearings Begin; State-Mandated Charges Now Required

The North Carolina Division of Motor Vehicles has started collecting the state-mandated fees for administrative hearings as of Jan. 1.
This legislation affects 19 administrative hearing types that review the revocation or suspension of vehicle license plates and licenses for drivers, inspection stations, automotive dealers and mechanics. There are no fees for medical hearings.
NCDMV will notify eligible customers by mail on how to request a hearing, applicable fees and deadlines for submitting a request. Most hearings will be scheduled when the request is submitted in writing and the fees are paid in full. A waiver of fees is available for applicants who meet certain household income criteria.
For more information on the administrative hearings process and a list of fees, visit the DMV website at MyNCDMV.gov.